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Tourism in Hungary Assignment Help

Identify and describe one negative and one positive impact from tourism activity on the host community at the destination.

Identify and explain two key issues which occur at the location related to tourism and destination development.

Identify and explain two (2) policy implications which stem from tourism for the destination.

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Introduction

Tourism business has gained popularity in the past years. A well-doing tourism business not only helps the hospitality industry of the particular region but also makes also makes it economically strong in the larger scale. Hungary is one of the most attractive tourist sites all around the globe. It is famous for its rich and beautiful culture. Moreover, Hungary is counted among the most affordable destinations for tourists. It is a great choice for travelers looking for natural and scenic beauty, along with traditional food. The folk culture, the countryside views, the cultural arts and crafts make Hungary an ideal choice for explorers.

Impact of Hungarian Tourism on its host community

Tourism is the link, which connects people from different corners of the world. It creates interactions between travelers and the local people. In the tourism process, the host community of Hungary comes in touch with foreign crowds and meets them. This can lead to positive as well as negative impacts on the host community of Hungary. There is a complex relationship between the tourists and the local hosts. The way of expression depends from region to region, on which, depends the nature of impact. The positive impact can be improvement of quality of life of the local residents by interaction and cultural diversification. On the other hand, the negative impacts can be increase in costs and distortion of one's cultural values.

The contribution of tourism to well-being and welfare: The Case of Hungary

The main objective of this article is to reveal how Hungarian local communities can be positively influenced through tourism. In this article, the author has discussed the contribution of tourism in improving the quality of life of Hungarian local communities. The tourism process acts as a stimulus for attaining the welfare of societies in Hungary. The local hosts and alien tourists not only meet each other but also share their customs and values. They share their traditions, foods, festivals, and various cultures. It stimulates interaction and understanding between the two. Tourism can help in fostering growth of local people by being exposed to new ideas and cultures. The central idea of this article is to understand the complex function of Hungarian tourism industry for bettering the quality of life. Directly or indirectly, the Hungarian residents interact with foreign tourists and involve in their social processes (Ratz and Michalko, 2011). This leads to social and economic diversification. The local resources become more mobile and accessible.

The possible negative impacts of volunteer tourism

The key idea of this article is negative impacts for locals Hungary because of volunteer tourism. Volunteer tourism has evolved as a popular form of sustainable tourism. However, it can have several negative impacts on the people of Hungary.

According to the author, the desires and requirements of local communities are neglected sometimes, which can lead to dissatisfaction and feeling of revolt among the host communities. Tourism gives rise to crimes like pick pocketing, snatching of bags. Tourists are mainly targeted for performing violent crimes and frauds of different types, particularly in the capital of Hungary, Budapest. Other types of negative impacts are environmental damage as well as change in cultural and traditional setting of the country in some cases, which would be the most unwanted impact of tourism for the local residents. Some regions in Hungary have a rich culture and tradition and they do not want it to be unfavorably altered or spoiled. They are very much conscious about their cultural faiths and values. Pollution can also be a negative impact of tourism, deping on the crowd and strictness or leniency of cleanliness regulations. Overcrowded destinations, which provide a stimulus to crimes, also create a problem for the local residents.

All such negative impacts for the host communities have been discussed in this article. But it is only a one-sided discussion by the author. It goes according to the study design. Crimes like illegal trafficking of people and goods have also been mentioned in this article.

Key Issues regarding tourism and destination development

The National Tourism Development Strategy by the government of Hungary, in 2005, has helped in recognizing the factors affecting development of Hungarian tourism and boosting it. For proper growth and development of tourism and destination, it is important that the local inhabitants have a positive outlook towards it. A radical change is necessary to cope up with existing tourism requirements.

Sustainability Assessment of Hungarian Lakeside Tourism Development

This article discusses about certain issues arising while managing and developing tourism in Lakeside destinations. The process of development should be planned in accordance with the economic, social, environmental and tourism aspects of the location. Such matters have been discussed by the author.

In the Hungarian tourism, Lakeside has an important role. The author talks about the four significant Lakeside tourist locations situated in Hungary, namely Lake Balaton, Lake Ferto, Lake Velence and the Lake Tisza. The Lake Balaton is the largest in the Central Europe and was once the main tourist hub of Hungary. Among the tourist destinations of Hungary, Lakeside destinations remain at a high position.

These characteristically differ in their economic as well as social conditions and that is why there exist many issues regarding their sustainability. The country earns majorly from its tourism business. For the economic welfare of Hungary, it is important to develop potentially these sites. Apart from this, another aspect showing the importance of such developments has been discussed in this article, that is, the affect of tourism on the natural maintenance. Preservation of lakes, water bodies at large, is essential of environmental soundness of a country. Developing a sustainable tourism focuses mainly on fulfillment of tourist needs, but it should also keep in mind the requirements of the local residents. This article determined some key issues like climate change, overcrowding, land and water pollution and deterioration of water quality index, while developing the tourism sector. Some important portions, which need to be taken care of, are spreading environmental safety awareness among both local and foreign people, creation of new jobs in tourism development sector, managing income and tax related with tourism products and services. The tourists' needs should be fulfilled and their satisfaction should be ensured, along with measures to improve land and air quality.

The preservation of traditional and cultural values of local communities and improving their quality of life is also important. All these things have been elaborately reviewed in this article.

Developments in Tourism Climatology

Tourism can be directly affected by the climatic mood of a country. The focal point of this article is the issue of climatology in Hungarian tourism. These days, it has become an important issue and special attention needs to be given. The author enlightens this issue.

Over tourism is becoming an issue these days. The tourism industry of Hungary needs to be developed by making it adapt to climatic conditions and climate services. Events like flood, storm, drought, and landslide signify extreme weather conditions in the country. For an example, the violent storm, this took place at Budapest in 2006 led to the death of four people and injury of many others, while watching the fireworks show has been discussed in this article. This was a serious matter regarding tourism as many tourists were injured in this incident. It has become a very important thing to spread awareness among people about occurring of such events and suitable measures to be adapted in such cases need to be explained. Hungary is a destination known for its spectacular streams, rivers and lakes, landscape views, and other such natural figures. In the nature-based tourism, as in Hungary, events of climatic mishap are very probable. The economic growth of Hungary depends considerably on its tourism industry.

In the recent times, the competitive strength of Hungarian tourism has slightly declined. Maybe, the cause for such declines is the issue of climatology. Sudden changes in the climatic conditions should be monitored at regular intervals. The extreme conditions of weathers can lead to terrible consequences for tourists as well as local inhabitants, like damage of socio-cultural and ecological life in the country.
However, it has the limitation of misconception regarding climatology impact on tourists. The article exposes these issues and it clearly relates with the main scheme of the study.

Policy Implications from tourism for Hungary

In the past few years, the government of Hungary has been taking necessary steps to improve the Hungarian tourism industry.

OCED tourism trends and policies: Hungary

The responsibility for planning, developing, and implying such policies is in the hands of Deputy State Secretary for Tourism in the Catering and Tourism department of Hungary and the ministry for National Development directs the total fund for Hungarian tourism. Taking various initiatives, making proposals on policies are all performed by the Standing Committee of Hungarian Parliament on Sports and Tourism. The department for Tourism and Catering operates along with several other government departments like Human Resource Ministry of Cultural Tourism, the rural development ministry for development of rural tourism as well as eco tourism (OECD tourism trends and policies, 2010, 2010). The Concept of Tourism Development form the year 2014-2024 guides certain policies. These are some key information provided in the article. This concept is planned with the aim of not only providing quality tourism services to tourists but also minimizing tourism costs to create a balance and managing environmental preservation.

Tourism Diversification and Its Implications for Smart Specialization

Tourism aids employment, by creating jobs in this sector, leads to efficient return on investment, earning tax income and foreign exchange. Ultimate diversification of economic development at national, local, and regional levels of the country takes place. The new and innovative policies which are location based and in accordance with the Regional Innovation Systems (RISs). Some particular regions specializing in major tourist attractions of the country are benefitted with policies helpful in mobilizing local resources. Strategies for diversification of tourism, product development, and social involvements and so on are driving sustainable development in this field.

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