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Servant Leadership and Authentic Leadership Assignment


Servant leadership versus authentic leadership - critique the two and their effectiveness.

Examine and critically analyse one aspect of leadership theory in depth, to understand what makes up scholarly research on the topic and to see how knowledge is built gradually.


Authentic leadership as well as servant leadership are leadership principles that constantly part of discussion in the present researches. There are differences between the two and that will be discussed in detail in the report. The important thing to understand is that neither of such leadership kind of styles is distinct. Both the concepts are part of discussion for so many years but what is new in present time is conceptualization and study different principles. The research shows that servant leadership is the most searched concept online. Factors are highly speculative and the concept of authentic leadership is relatively new in long run.

The report will discuss in detail about servant leadership and authentic leadership and their effectiveness on the company. It will be done by evaluating relationship with group focus trust along with individual focused work results and their impact procedure through current trust climate. Usage of two-wave information from group of employee and managers from different departments in places like China, one can find that these two kinds of leadership have the best impact on group level of trust climate and workforce work results, but the level and the directions of the impact are unique by nature (Burton et al, 2017). When compared with authentic leadership, servant leadership has a major impact on developing a trust environment and a highly direct impact associated with rising workforce's positive kind of work behaviour which in turn finally impacted work-based performance. The report also shows the significance of group focused trust environment in associations that exist between group leadership as well as individual workforce work behaviour along with performance.

Research Question:
Q1: What are some of the differences in between the servant leadership and authentic leadership?
Q2: What are the different critical analysis based on the discussion about the workforce behaviour under the authentic and the servant leadership?

Review of Literature
Both the concepts seem to overlap one another since the features have some kind of commonality like self-awareness along with empathy. But the overlap can be highly delusional, for instance while both the concepts are equally significant, self-awareness is more crucial towards authentic level of leadership than servant concept of leadership.


Authentic & Servant Leadership
Authentic and servant leadership are not easy concepts to follow. The authentic leadership focused on concept of being myself and these leaders are authentic by nature and never indulge in the formula of playing any games or never try to be someone else concept of what any leader must be. As an authentic leader, one cannot find any gap that exist between the role of leader as well as role of self (Focht& Ponton, 2015). This can be very hard to follow but the authentic leader should have the belief to be highly vulnerable. The servant leader can be completely authentic by nature or sometimes in parts. For instance, one can see the trait of self-awareness as well as empathy however not to be. These opinions can further be cultivated as kind of leader image however not importantly show the inner level of life of an individual. Even in this case, the servant can be immensely good but many leaders who goes for this style do it out of commitment in order to follow people.

The concept of leadership is a decisive element in advertising the growth of workforces as well as companies, scholars of leadership and management have long been committed towards the study of efficient leadership. Among many styles of leadership, servant and authentic leadership are two highly effective styles for number of industries like hospitality since both the principles grow harmonious kind of leadership styles along with follower association in order to treat the followers with authentic and promote the follower's growth and this is specifically crucial in some industry like hospitality (Gotsis &Grimani, 2016). The employees in hotel constantly face many issues focusing on low pay, immense workload, irregular working hours, day to day and also monotonous works and stress of role and thus, they are likely to anticipate and look for care and help from leaders. Some chain of hotels is constantly adopting servant or authentic leadership approaches in their current corporate level of philosophies. There are number of features of servant like care for workforce, empowering them and self-level of sacrifice. Authentic leaders consist of features like humility, integrity and trustworthiness have been recognized as those competencies of managers and they can be applied widely in training of leadership and growth programs by many companies all across the world. regardless the practical importance, there are some studies pays attention on the role of servant as well as authentic kind of leadership in the present set of industries (Hoch et al, 2018).

There are number of studies and researchers who claims that authentic and servant leaders are able to embrace the common feature, even when they show a unique kind of style. There are number of studies that advices the importance of servant and authentic leadership on many common results elements like employee work level of satisfaction, company commitment, organizational level of citizenship attitude, and work-based performance (Jaiswal & Dhar, 2017). However, there are some studies that divide servant and authentic leadership from many other kinds of styles like leader-member level of exchange, ethical, or transformational level of study which are comprehensively evaluate the concepts and empirical level of distinction of two styles of leadership. Moreover, it is crucial for number of researchers can explain causal level of associations in an element by deciding the mediators between consequences and antecedent elements (Ling et al, 2017). At the same time, past kind of researchers have evaluated how servant or authentic leadership impact employee work results it stayed completely unexplored whether the two kind of leadership styles impacted workforces via the same or distinct kind of mediation methods.

Application of theory
Contrasting authentic and servant leadership. The concept of servant leadership comes with the theory which is gaining rising level of academic focus. The researches propose that self-concepts along with motivation of servant leadership are of different kinds from other leaders. Servant leaders see themselves as stewards and servants rather than owners or leaders and their leadership encouragement is to offer first which can be opposed towards leading process (Kiersch& Peters, 2017). The impact of servant leadership is accomplished by focusing on the ideal kind of services in the follower-leader association, whereas the objective of servant leadership is to promote personal level of development of followers, which consist of positive features of other kind of follower focused leadership style. Servant leadership focuses on individual level morality along with integrity, that consist positive angles of many other moral styles of leadership offering six dividing features of many leaders that can empower and developing people, authenticity, interpersonal level of acceptance, providing ways as well as stewardship (Seto&Sarros, 2016).

Authentic leadership has becoming immensely popular and significant leadership principles in past many years as an answer to corporate level of corruption and the managerial scandals(Spears & Lawrence, 2016). Authentic leaders must gain clarity on how one think or behave, they can show some kind of confidence, optimism and high level of morality focused characters. As per the authentic leadership is displayed via four angles, self-awareness gaining clarity their own strengths as well as weaknesses and the impact of people's attitude along with balanced level of procedure evaluating data goals and seek suggestion from followers before making right decisions and relational level of transparency and further internalize moral level of perspective. As per authentic leadership is root kind of construct that focuses on all positive styles of leadership like changing, servant and spiritual level however theoretical level of distinction from associated leadership kinds.

Critical Analysis & Effectiveness. Description focused on authentic and servant leadership shows considerable level of overlap. Firstly, authentic and servant leadership are positive with many common, positive kind psychological features. Authentic that shows emotions as well as beliefs and behave as per the true self, focus on basic features of servant and authentic leadership approaches. These two kinds of leadership show psychological level of mature with great self-level of awareness of work-based value system, knowledge, emotional features and strength (van Dierendonck& Patterson, 2015). Secondly, authentic and servant leadership are different moral leaders who can share moral features like honesty, trustworthiness and high level of humility.

The concept of authentic leadership can see whether or not any leadership is highly sincere. After people starts looking for different leaders who can be trusted immensely, and who comes with high level of character leadership. There are three angles within authentic level of leadership which are part of intrapersonal and growth angles. Intrapersonal angles are focused with what goes internally of leaders. The intrapersonal angle has the belief system that leaders should take decisions depending on their own compass. Leaders as per the intrapersonal level of focus, will depend on the own set of beliefs as well as knowledge in order to make decisions focused on how one can lead (Welty Peachey & Burton, 2017). The interpersonal level of focus advices that leaders will take decisions based on how leaders as well as followers communicate. It mentions that leaders can change the followers as well as these followers will also transform leaders. The third angle is the growth focused angle which comes with belief system that leadership capacity can be transformed and leadership capacities can be fixed. Researchers believes that authentic kind of leadership is an outcome from positive side of psychology qualities along strong level of ethics system. Authentic leaders consist of four elements which are based on self-awareness can internalize moral angles, balanced process and relational level of transparency (Winston & Fields, 2015). All the elements can be further nurtured within the authentic level of leaders.

Servant leadership is an approach that questions leaders to put the followers at the first place. Servant leadership can see at the attitude of followers and leaders and a leader in this style will offer the followers as well as will have a strong ethics and moral systems. A servant leadership will assist followers continue towards options to improve people in order to place high value on improving the leadership. There are number of leaderships of servant leaders that are based on empathy, persuasion, healing, awareness, commitment towards development of people and building af society and many more.

A leader requires to listen to the followers to set up open communication as well as gaining clarity over what followers require. Empathy permits a leader to understand the situations of the followers (Yasir & Mohamad, 2016). Healing process further implies that leader requires to nurture the followers without the use of any judgment. The concept of conceptualization is the capacity of leaders in order to cast a vision towards the future to number of followers. Foresight is based on the capacity of the leaders to have data of what can happen in future in instinctive manner. The concept of stewardship is based on leader that accept the accountability that comes with leadership skills.


For analysing the research question, I would like to focus on the interaction analysis. Here, the sampling framework requires to focus on the servant and the authentic leadership patterns where the systematic sampling is employed. Hence, approximately 23 people who are being evaluated from the list. Hence, the study is based on the participants which would require to determine about the leadership and its effectiveness. The research will require to focus on the qualitative and the quantitative standards to higher about the evaluation with focusing on the different sectors. Authentic leadership focuses on features like the psychological principles of authentic that also means one can work as per the true self, express oneself in methods that are constant with inner thought process along with right kind of feelings. Authentic leadership is a procedure that highlights positive level of psychological abilities and developed organizational level of contexts, that is an outcome in great self-level of awareness and self-focused positive attitudes on the kind of leaders that foster positive kind of self-growth.

At the same time, authentic as well as servant leadership can share many features, they in addition have some distinct features. When compared with authentic leadership, the concept of servant leadership consists of a positive kind of psychology along with right kind of moral character and philosophy of offering other as a central concept that implies strong level of altruism. In the end, servant leadership can place the good of many other over leaders' own interest via devoting towards company and giving services to other people. This is why, the overall spirit of self-level of sacrifice can show a high level of moral kind of virtues in the concept of servant leadership (Yasir & Mohamad, 2016). Moreover, the attention is on servant leadership with broader scale than authentic level of leadership. When compared with authentic leadership, who concentrate on self-growth of people or followers, servant leaders focus on accountabilities to the company, to the consumer, society and many other shareholders. For instance, vision and developing value system for a society are elements of servant leadership. It is important to understand that servant and authentic leadership are same however comes with distinct kind of constructs, but since they change from time to time based on many core features, they impact organizational level and outcome on individual level.


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