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Question 1: How are employees of AL Safa Poultry Company in Oman motivated to perform better?
Answer: There are various ways by which the employees of AL Sala Poultry are motivated to perform better are
i) Rewarding them based on their performance and achievement of goals by way of badges, points, etc.
ii) Build in them a feeling that the employers trust their work and they would give the best results for the same.
iii) Make them understand the purpose of business and in return understand their purpose will motivate employees to perform better
iv) Motivate employees to maintain work life balance which increase overall productivity of employees.
v) Being transparent with employees which help them to participate in the decision making process , hence will motivate them .
vi) Giving proper working environment taking care of all basic amenities and facilities will motivate the employees.
vii) Employees must be provided flexibility in work timings or work from home at the time of any problems faced by them. This would retain as well as attract the best talent to the organization.
viii) It must be ensured that the management must spend time with employees to understand their requirements and they understand requirements of organization.
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Question 2: Which motivational approaches are used?
Answer: a) Intrinsic approach - Employees who get personal satisfaction from their work as they are genuinely interested to work, this kind of motivation to the employees is known as intrinsic approach. This also known as Herzberg's two factor theory / motivator hygiene.
b) Extrinsic approach - Employees who desire rewards for their performance get the reward in monetary terms or in kind, the rewards serve as a motivational force. It is termed as Mc Gregory's X and T theories.
c) Authoritarian approach - One of the oldest approaches where motivation comes to perform when there is penalty for non performance, where the input outcome ratio of employees compared with other employees called as the equity theory.
d) Paternalistic approach - Employees in the organization are treated as family members of the family organization where rewards are given unconditionally and they remain loyal and perform best.
e) Carrot and stick approach - Employees are rewarded for performance and penalized for non performance. The performance of employees is determined by their individual behavior depending upon various external and internal factors. This as per porter Lawler Model.
Question 3: Which of the used motivational approaches are most effective and why
Answer: The kind of employees engaged in work is dependent upon various factors like level they are employed , the kind of organization in which they are working ,the gender, the duration in an organization, age , education level of employees . It becomes very difficult to match one particular strategy to the whole organization as the motivation requirement differs for the various kinds of employees in an organization. The theories mentioned above, adopted by an organization according to its requirements at various levels would give optimum results to an organization. The various theories provided provides for satisfaction to employees working who in turn get motivated to work and deliver results in different ways. Hence motivation is main driving force to perform in case of AL Safa Poultry.
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